Articles | Volume 12, issue 2
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 1103–1121, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-12-1103-2019
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 1103–1121, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-12-1103-2019
Research article
21 Feb 2019
Research article | 21 Feb 2019

The Macquarie Island (LoFlo2G) high-precision continuous atmospheric carbon dioxide record

Ann R. Stavert et al.

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Cited articles

Andrews, A. E., Kofler, J. D., Trudeau, M. E., Williams, J. C., Neff, D. H., Masarie, K. A., Chao, D. Y., Kitzis, D. R., Novelli, P. C., Zhao, C. L., Dlugokencky, E. J., Lang, P. M., Crotwell, M. J., Fischer, M. L., Parker, M. J., Lee, J. T., Baumann, D. D., Desai, A. R., Stanier, C. O., De Wekker, S. F. J., Wolfe, D. E., Munger, J. W., and Tans, P. P.: CO2, CO, and CH4 measurements from tall towers in the NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory's Global Greenhouse Gas Reference Network: instrumentation, uncertainty analysis, and recommendations for future high-accuracy greenhouse gas monitoring efforts, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 647–687, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-7-647-2014, 2014. a
Chambers, S. D., Hong, S.-B., Williams, A. G., Crawford, J., Griffiths, A. D., and Park, S.-J.: Characterising terrestrial influences on Antarctic air masses using Radon-222 measurements at King George Island, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 9903–9916, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-9903-2014, 2014. a
Chambers, S. D., Williams, A. G., Conen, F., Griffiths, A. D., Reimann, S., Steinbacher, M., Krummel, P. B., Steele, L. P., van der Schoot, M. V., Galbally, I. E., Molloy, S. B., and Barnes, J. E.: Towards a universal “baseline” characterisation of air masses for high- and low-altitude observing stations using Radon-222, Aerosol Air Qual. Res., 16, 885–899, 2016. a
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Cooper, L. N., Steele, L. P., Langenfelds, R. L., Spencer, D. A., and Lucarelli, M. P.: Atmospheric methane, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide from Cape Grim flask air samples analysed by gas chromatography, in: Baseline Atmospheric Program (Australia) 1996, edited by: Derek, N., Gras, J. L., Tindale, N. W., and Dick, A. L., Australian Bureau of Meteorology and CSIRO Atmospheric Research, Melbourne, Australia, 98–102, 1999. a
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The Southern Ocean is a key sink of carbon dioxide (CO2), but efforts to study trends in and the variability of the sink have been hindered by the limited number of CO2 measurements in this region. Here we describe a set of new in situ continuous (minutely) atmospheric CO2 observations. We show that this new record better captures long-term changes and seasonality than traditional 2-weekly flask records. As such, this data set will provide key insights into the changing Southern Ocean sink.