Articles | Volume 14, issue 1
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 199–221, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-199-2021
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 199–221, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-199-2021

Research article 12 Jan 2021

Research article | 12 Jan 2021

McRALI: a Monte Carlo high-spectral-resolution lidar and Doppler radar simulator for three-dimensional cloudy atmosphere remote sensing

Frédéric Szczap et al.

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Short summary
Spaceborne lidar and radar are suitable tools to investigate cloud vertical properties on a global scale. This paper presents the McRALI code that provides simulations of lidar and radar signals from the EarthCARE mission. Regarding radar signals, cloud heterogeneity induces a severe bias in velocity estimates. Regarding lidar signals, multiple scattering is not negligible. Our results also give some insight into the reliability of lidar signal modeling using independent column approximation.