Articles | Volume 16, issue 19
Research article
09 Oct 2023
Research article |  | 09 Oct 2023

On the polarimetric backscatter by a still or quasi-still wind turbine

Marco Gabella, Martin Lainer, Daniel Wolfensberger, and Jacopo Grazioli

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Cited articles

Angulo, I., de la Vega, D., Cascon, I., Canizo, J., Wu, Y., Guerra, D., and Angueira, P.: Impact analysis of wind farms on telecommunication services, Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev., 32, 84–99, 2014. 
Angulo, I., Grande, O., Jenn, D., Guerra, D., and de la Vega, D.: Estimating reflectivity values from wind turbines for analyzing the potential impact on weather radar services, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 2183–2193,, 2015. 
Anonymous referee: Interactive comment on “Insights into wind turbine reflectivity and RCS and their variability using X-band weather radar observations” by Martin Lainer et al., Referee comment 1,, 2020. 
Bredemeyer, J., Schubert, K., Werner, J., Schrader, T., and Mihalachi, M.: Comparison of principles for measuring the reflectivity values from wind turbines, 20th International Radar Symposium (IRS), 26–28 June 2019, Ulm, Germany​​​​​​​, 1–10,, 2019.​​​​​​​ 
Brindley, G.: Financing and investment trends: The European wind industry in 2021, report, WindEurope, Brussels, Belgium,​​​​​​​ (last access: 1 October 2023), 2022.​​​​​​​ 
Short summary
A still wind turbine observed with a fixed-pointing radar antenna has shown distinctive polarimetric signatures: the correlation coefficient between the two orthogonal polarization states was persistently equal to 1. The differential reflectivity and the radar reflectivity factors were also stable in time. Over 2 min (2000 Hz, 128 pulses were used; consequently, the sampling time was 64 ms), the standard deviation of the differential backscattering phase shift was only a few degrees.