Articles | Volume 12, issue 11
Research article
 | Highlight paper
25 Nov 2019
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 25 Nov 2019

Low-temperature triple-capillary cryostat for ice crystal growth studies

Brian D. Swanson and Jon Nelson

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Cited articles

Bacon, N. J., Baker, M. B., and Swanson, B. D.: Initial stages in the morphological evolution of vapor grown ice crystals: A laboratory investigation, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 129, 1903–1927, 2003. a, b, c
Bailey, M. and Hallett, J.: Growth rates and habits of ice crystals between −20 and −70C, J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 514–544, 2004. a, b, c
Bailey, M. and Hallett, J.: Ice Crystal Linear Growth Rates from −20 to −70C: Confirmation from Wave Cloud Studies, J. Atmos. Sci., 69, 390–402, 2012. a
Beckmann, W. and Lacmann, R.: Interface kinetics of the growth and evaporation of ice single crystals from the vapour phase II, Measurement in a pure water vapor environment, J. Cryst. Gr., 58, 433–442, 1982. a, b
Cho, N. and Hallett, J.: Epitaxial ice crystal growth on covellite (CuS), I. Influence of misfit strain on the growth of non-thickening crystals, J. Cryst. Gr., 69, 317–324, 1984a. a
Short summary
We have built a triple-capillary cryostat designed to reduce potential instrumental effects that may have influenced earlier measurements and to improve our understanding of the processes responsible for ice crystal shapes and sizes. In this cryostat, a crystal forms on one of three well-separated and ultrafine capillaries. In this paper we describe the new instrument and present several observations made using the instrument to illustrate the instrument's advantages.