Articles | Volume 14, issue 1
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 223–238, 2021
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 223–238, 2021

Research article 12 Jan 2021

Research article | 12 Jan 2021

Experimental methodology and procedure for SAPPHIRE: a Semi-automatic APParatus for High-voltage Ice nucleation REsearch

Jens-Michael Löwe et al.

Related subject area

Subject: Others (Wind, Precipitation, Temperature, etc.) | Technique: Laboratory Measurement | Topic: Instruments and Platforms
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Revised manuscript accepted for AMT
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Cited articles

Acharya, P. V. and Bahadur, V.: Fundamental interfacial mechanisms underlying electrofreezing, Adv. Coll. Int. Sci., 251, 26–43,, 2018. a, b
Atkinson, J. D., Murray, B. J., Woodhouse, M. T., Whale, T. F., Baustian, K. J., Carslaw, K. S., Dobbie, S., O'Sullivan, D., and Malkin, T. L.: The importance of feldspar for ice nucleation by mineral dust in mixed-phase clouds, Nature, 498, 355–358,, 2013. a
Atkinson, J. D., Murray, B. J., and O'Sullivan, D.: Rate of Homogenous Nucleation of Ice in Supercooled Water, J. Phys. Chem. A, 120, 6513–6520,, 2016. a
Baars, W., Stearman, R., and Tinney, C.: A Review on the Impact of Icing on Aircraft Stability and Control, ASD Journal, 2, 35–52, 2010. a
Barlow, T. W. and Haymet, A. D. J.: ALTA: An automated lag-time apparatus for studying the nucleation of supercooled liquids, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 66, 2996–3007,, 1995. a
Short summary
Icing is a severe problem in many technical applications like aviation or high-voltage components for power transmission and distribution. The presented experimental setup enables the accurate investigation of the freezing of water droplets under the impact of electric fields. All boundary conditions are well controlled and investigated in detail. Results obtained with the setup might improve the understanding of the freezing process of water droplets under the impact of high electric fields.