Articles | Volume 16, issue 22
Research article
27 Nov 2023
Research article |  | 27 Nov 2023

Observation of horizontal temperature variations by a spatial heterodyne interferometer using single-sided interferograms

Konstantin Ntokas, Jörn Ungermann, Martin Kaufmann, Tom Neubert, and Martin Riese

Related authors

Satellite observations of gravity wave momentum flux in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT): feasibility and requirements
Qiuyu Chen, Konstantin Ntokas, Björn Linder, Lukas Krasauskas, Manfred Ern, Peter Preusse, Jörn Ungermann, Erich Becker, Martin Kaufmann, and Martin Riese
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 15, 7071–7103,,, 2022
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Others (Wind, Precipitation, Temperature, etc.) | Technique: Remote Sensing | Topic: Data Processing and Information Retrieval
Sensitivity of thermodynamic profiles retrieved from ground-based microwave and infrared observations to additional input data from active remote sensing instruments and numerical weather prediction models
Laura Bianco, Bianca Adler, Ludovic Bariteau, Irina V. Djalalova, Timothy Myers, Sergio Pezoa, David D. Turner, and James M. Wilczak
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 3933–3948,,, 2024
Short summary
Scale separation for gravity wave analysis from 3D temperature observations in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region
Björn Linder, Peter Preusse, Qiuyu Chen, Ole Martin Christensen, Lukas Krasauskas, Linda Megner, Manfred Ern, and Jörg Gumbel
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 3829–3841,,, 2024
Short summary
Estimating the refractivity bias of FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) radio occultation in the deep troposphere
Gia Huan Pham, Shu-Chih Yang, Chih-Chien Chang, Shu-Ya Chen, and Cheng Yung Huang
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 3605–3623,,, 2024
Short summary
High Spectral Resolution Lidar – generation 2 (HSRL-2) retrievals of ocean surface wind speed: methodology and evaluation
Sanja Dmitrovic, Johnathan W. Hair, Brian L. Collister, Ewan Crosbie, Marta A. Fenn, Richard A. Ferrare, David B. Harper, Chris A. Hostetler, Yongxiang Hu, John A. Reagan, Claire E. Robinson, Shane T. Seaman, Taylor J. Shingler, Kenneth L. Thornhill, Holger Vömel, Xubin Zeng, and Armin Sorooshian
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 3515–3532,,, 2024
Short summary
Dual adaptive differential threshold method for automated detection of faint and strong echo features in radar observations of winter storms
Laura M. Tomkins, Sandra E. Yuter, and Matthew A. Miller
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 3377–3399,,, 2024
Short summary

Cited articles

Alexander, M. J., Geller, M., McLandress, C., Polavarapu, S., Preusse, P., Sassi, F., Sato, K., Eckermann, S., Ern, M., Hertzog, A., Kawatani, Y., Pulido, M., Shaw, T. A., Sigmond, M., Vincent, R., and Watanabe, S.: Recent developments in gravity-wave effects in climate models and the global distribution of gravity-wave momentum flux from observations and models: Recent Developments in Gravity-Wave Effects, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 136, 1103–1124,, 2010. a
Barth, C. A. and Hildebrandt, A. F.: The 5577 A airglow emission mechanism, J. Geophys. Res., 66, 985–986,, 1961. a
Becker, E. and Vadas, S. L.: Explicit Global Simulation of Gravity Waves in the Thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res.-Space Phys., 125, e2020JA028034,, 2020. a
Bucholtz, A., Skinner, W. R., Abreu, V. J., and Hays, P. B.: The dayglow of the O2 atmospheric band system, Planet. Space Sci., 34, 1031–1035,, 1986.  a
Cardon, J., Englert, C., Harlander, J., Roesler, F., and Stevens, M.: SHIMMER on STS-112: Development and Proof-of-Concept Flight, in: AIAA Space 2003 Conference & Exposition, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Long Beach, California, ISBN 978-1-62410-103-8,, 2003. a
Short summary
A nanosatellite was developed to obtain 1-D vertical temperature profiles in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere, which can be used to derive wave parameters needed for atmospheric models. A new processing method is shown, which allows one to extract two 1-D temperature profiles. The location of the two profiles is analyzed, as it is needed for deriving wave parameters. We show that this method is feasible, which however will increase the requirements of an accurate calibration and processing.