Articles | Volume 13, issue 1
Research article
20 Jan 2020
Research article |  | 20 Jan 2020

Potential for the measurement of mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) wind, temperature, density and geomagnetic field with Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder 2 (SMILES-2)

Philippe Baron, Satoshi Ochiai, Eric Dupuy, Richard Larsson, Huixin Liu, Naohiro Manago, Donal Murtagh, Shin-ichiro Oyama, Hideo Sagawa, Akinori Saito, Takatoshi Sakazaki, Masato Shiotani, and Makoto Suzuki

Related authors

Simulation study for the Stratospheric Inferred Winds (SIW) sub-millimeter limb sounder
Philippe Baron, Donal Murtagh, Patrick Eriksson, Jana Mendrok, Satoshi Ochiai, Kristell Pérot, Hideo Sagawa, and Makoto Suzuki
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 4545–4566,,, 2018
Short summary
Comparison of SMILES ClO profiles with satellite, balloon-borne and ground-based measurements
H. Sagawa, T. O. Sato, P. Baron, E. Dupuy, N. Livesey, J. Urban, T. von Clarmann, A. de Lange, G. Wetzel, B. J. Connor, A. Kagawa, D. Murtagh, and Y. Kasai
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 3325–3347,,, 2013
Validation of stratospheric and mesospheric ozone observed by SMILES from International Space Station
Y. Kasai, H. Sagawa, D. Kreyling, E. Dupuy, P. Baron, J. Mendrok, K. Suzuki, T. O. Sato, T. Nishibori, S. Mizobuchi, K. Kikuchi, T. Manabe, H. Ozeki, T. Sugita, M. Fujiwara, Y. Irimajiri, K. A. Walker, P. F. Bernath, C. Boone, G. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, J. Orphal, J. Urban, D. Murtagh, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, A. E. Bourassa, N. D. Lloyd, L. Froidevaux, M. Birk, G. Wagner, F. Schreier, J. Xu, P. Vogt, T. Trautmann, and M. Yasui
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 2311–2338,,, 2013
Diurnal variation of stratospheric and lower mesospheric HOCl, ClO and HO2 at the equator: comparison of 1-D model calculations with measurements by satellite instruments
M. Khosravi, P. Baron, J. Urban, L. Froidevaux, A. I. Jonsson, Y. Kasai, K. Kuribayashi, C. Mitsuda, D. P. Murtagh, H. Sagawa, M. L. Santee, T. O. Sato, M. Shiotani, M. Suzuki, T. von Clarmann, K. A. Walker, and S. Wang
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 7587–7606,,, 2013
Observation of horizontal winds in the middle-atmosphere between 30° S and 55° N during the northern winter 2009–2010
P. Baron, D. P. Murtagh, J. Urban, H. Sagawa, S. Ochiai, Y. Kasai, K. Kikuchi, F. Khosrawi, H. Körnich, S. Mizobuchi, K. Sagi, and M. Yasui
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 6049–6064,,, 2013

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Subject: Others (Wind, Precipitation, Temperature, etc.) | Technique: Remote Sensing | Topic: Data Processing and Information Retrieval
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Revised manuscript accepted for AMT
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Cited articles

Baron, P., Murtagh, D. P., Urban, J., Sagawa, H., Ochiai, S., Kasai, Y., Kikuchi, K., Khosrawi, F., Körnich, H., Mizobuchi, S., Sagi, K., and Yasui, M.: Observation of horizontal winds in the middle-atmosphere between 30 S and 55 N during the northern winter 2009–2010, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 6049–6064,, 2013. a
Baron, P., Manago, N., Ozeki, H., Irimajiri, Y., Murtagh, D., Uzawa, Y., Ochiai, S., Shiotani, M., and Suzuki, M.: Measurement of stratospheric and mesospheric winds with a submillimeter wave limb sounder: Results from JEM/SMILES and simulation study for SMILES-2, in: Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XIX, edited by: Meynart, R., Neeck, S. P., and Shimoda, H., International Society for Optics and Photonics, SPIE, 9639, 140–159,, 2015. a
Baron, P., Murtagh, D., Eriksson, P., Mendrok, J., Ochiai, S., Pérot, K., Sagawa, H., and Suzuki, M.: Simulation study for the Stratospheric Inferred Winds (SIW) sub-millimeter limb sounder, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 4545–4566,, 2018. a, b, c, d, e, f, g
Baron, P., Manago, N., Ochiai, S., and Suzuki, M.: SMILES-2 band selection study for chemical species, IGARSS 2019–2019, Int. Geosci. Remote Se., 7698–7701,, 2019a. a, b
Baron, P., Ochiai, S., Murtagh, D., Sagawa, H., Saito, A., Shiotani, M., and Suzuki, M.: Performance assessment of Super conducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder-2 (SMILES-2), IGARSS 2019–2019, Int. Geosci. Remote Se., 7556–7559,, 2019b. a, b, c, d
Short summary
Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder 2 (SMILES-2) is a satellite mission proposed in Japan to probe the middle and upper atmosphere (20–160 km). The key products are wind, temperature and density. If selected, this mission could provide new insights into vertical coupling in the atmosphere and could help improve weather and climate models. We conducted simulation studies to assess the measurement performances in the altitude range 60–110 km, with a special focus on the geomagnetic effects.