Articles | Volume 14, issue 6
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 4255–4277, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-4255-2021
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 4255–4277, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-4255-2021
Research article
09 Jun 2021
Research article | 09 Jun 2021

A multi-purpose, multi-rotor drone system for long-range and high-altitude volcanic gas plume measurements

Bo Galle et al.

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Cited articles

Aiuppa, A., Federico, C., Giudice, G., and Gurrieri, S.: Chemical mapping of a fumarolic field: La Fossa Crater, Vulcano Island (Aeolian Islands, Italy), Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L13309, https://doi.org/10.1029/2005GL023207, 2005. 
Aiuppa, A., Fischer, T. P., Plank, T., and Bani, P.: CO2 flux emissions from the Earth's most actively degassing volcanoes, 2005–2015, Sci. Rep., 9, 5442, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41901-y, 2019. 
Arellano, S., Galle, B., Mulina, K., Wallius, J., McCormick, B., Salem, L., D'aleo, R., Barry, P., and Itikarai, I.: Report on volcanic plume measurements on volcanoes in Papua New Guinea, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden, available at: https://research.chalmers.se/publication/254380 (last access: 3 June 2021), 2017. 
Beecken, J., Mellqvist, J., Salo, K., Ekholm, J., Jalkanen, J.-P., Johansson, L., Litvinenko, V., Volodin, K., and Frank-Kamenetsky, D. A.: Emission factors of SO2, NOx and particles from ships in Neva Bay from ground-based and helicopter-borne measurements and AIS-based modeling, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 5229–5241, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-5229-2015, 2015. 
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Short summary
Measurements of volcanic gases are important for geophysical research, risk assessment and environmental impact studies. Some gases, like SO2 and BrO, may be studied from the ground at a safe distance using remote sensing techniques. Many other gases require in situ access to the gas plume. Here, a drone may be an attractive alternative. This paper describes a drone specially adapted for volcanic gas studies and demonstrates its use in a field campaign at Manam volcano in Papua New Guinea.