Articles | Volume 17, issue 2
Research article
26 Jan 2024
Research article |  | 26 Jan 2024

Water vapor measurements inside clouds and storms using a differential absorption radar

Luis F. Millán, Matthew D. Lebsock, Ken B. Cooper, Jose V. Siles, Robert Dengler, Raquel Rodriguez Monje, Amin Nehrir, Rory A. Barton-Grimley, James E. Collins, Claire E. Robinson, Kenneth L. Thornhill, and Holger Vömel

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Cited articles

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Battaglia, A. and Kollias, P.: Evaluation of differential absorption radars in the 183 GHz band for profiling water vapour in ice clouds, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 3335–3349,, 2019. a, b, c, d
Behrendt, A., Wulfmeyer, V., Riede, A., Wagner, G., Pal, S., Bauer, H., Radlach, M., and Späth, F.: Three-dimensional observations of atmospheric humidity with a scanning differential absorption Lidar, in: SPIE Proceedings, edited by: Picard, R. H., Schäfer, K., Comeron, A., and van Weele, M., SPIE,, 2009. a
Browell, E. V., Carter, A. F., Shipley, S. T., Allen, R. J., Butler, C. F., Mayo, M. N., Siviter, J. H., and Hall, W. M.: NASA multipurpose airborne DIAL system and measurements of ozone and aerosol profiles, Appl. Optics, 22, 522,, 1983. a
Short summary
In this study, we describe and validate a new technique in which three radar tones are used to estimate the water vapor inside clouds and precipitation. This instrument flew on board NASA's P-3 aircraft during the Investigation of Microphysics and Precipitation for Atlantic Coast-Threatening Snowstorms (IMPACTS) campaign and the Synergies Of Active optical and Active microwave Remote Sensing Experiment (SOA2RSE) campaign.