Articles | Volume 17, issue 2
Research article
31 Jan 2024
Research article |  | 31 Jan 2024

Assessing atmospheric gravity wave spectra in the presence of observational gaps

Mohamed Mossad, Irina Strelnikova, Robin Wing, and Gerd Baumgarten

Related authors

The Doppler wind, temperature, and aerosol RMR lidar system at Kühlungsborn, Germany – Part 1: Technical specifications and capabilities
Michael Gerding, Robin Wing, Eframir Franco-Diaz, Gerd Baumgarten, Jens Fiedler, Torsten Köpnick, and Reik Ostermann
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 2789–2809,,, 2024
Short summary
The ALOMAR Rayleigh/Mie/Raman lidar: status after 30 years of operation
Jens Fiedler and Gerd Baumgarten
Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.,,, 2024
Revised manuscript accepted for AMT
Short summary
3D wind observations with a compact mobile lidar based on tropo- and stratospheric aerosol backscatter
Thorben H. Mense, Josef Höffner, Gerd Baumgarten, Ronald Eixmann, Jan Froh, Alsu Mauer, Alexander Munk, Robin Wing, and Franz-Josef Lübken
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 1665–1677,,, 2024
Short summary
Convective gravity wave events during summer near 54° N, present in both AIRS and Rayleigh–Mie–Raman (RMR) lidar observations
Eframir Franco-Diaz, Michael Gerding, Laura Holt, Irina Strelnikova, Robin Wing, Gerd Baumgarten, and Franz-Josef Lübken
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 1543–1558,,, 2024
Short summary
Long-term studies of the summer wind in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere at middle and high latitudes over Europe
Juliana Jaen, Toralf Renkwitz, Huixin Liu, Christoph Jacobi, Robin Wing, Aleš Kuchař, Masaki Tsutsumi, Njål Gulbrandsen, and Jorge L. Chau
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 14871–14887,,, 2023
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Others (Wind, Precipitation, Temperature, etc.) | Technique: Remote Sensing | Topic: Data Processing and Information Retrieval
Sensitivity of thermodynamic profiles retrieved from ground-based microwave and infrared observations to additional input data from active remote sensing instruments and numerical weather prediction models
Laura Bianco, Bianca Adler, Ludovic Bariteau, Irina V. Djalalova, Timothy Myers, Sergio Pezoa, David D. Turner, and James M. Wilczak
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 3933–3948,,, 2024
Short summary
Scale separation for gravity wave analysis from 3D temperature observations in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region
Björn Linder, Peter Preusse, Qiuyu Chen, Ole Martin Christensen, Lukas Krasauskas, Linda Megner, Manfred Ern, and Jörg Gumbel
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 3829–3841,,, 2024
Short summary
Estimating the refractivity bias of FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) radio occultation in the deep troposphere
Gia Huan Pham, Shu-Chih Yang, Chih-Chien Chang, Shu-Ya Chen, and Cheng Yung Huang
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 3605–3623,,, 2024
Short summary
High Spectral Resolution Lidar – generation 2 (HSRL-2) retrievals of ocean surface wind speed: methodology and evaluation
Sanja Dmitrovic, Johnathan W. Hair, Brian L. Collister, Ewan Crosbie, Marta A. Fenn, Richard A. Ferrare, David B. Harper, Chris A. Hostetler, Yongxiang Hu, John A. Reagan, Claire E. Robinson, Shane T. Seaman, Taylor J. Shingler, Kenneth L. Thornhill, Holger Vömel, Xubin Zeng, and Armin Sorooshian
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 3515–3532,,, 2024
Short summary
Dual adaptive differential threshold method for automated detection of faint and strong echo features in radar observations of winter storms
Laura M. Tomkins, Sandra E. Yuter, and Matthew A. Miller
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 3377–3399,,, 2024
Short summary

Cited articles

Alexander, M., Tsuda, T., and Vincent, R. N.: Latitudinal Variations Observed in Gravity Waves with Short Vertical Wavelengths, J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 1394–1404,<1394:LVOIGW>2.0.CO;2, 2002. a
Axford, D.: Spectral analysis of an aircraft observation of gravity waves, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 97, 313–321,, 1971. a
Babu, P. and Stoica, P.: Spectral analysis of nonuniformly sampled data – a review, Digit. Signal Process., 20, 359–378,, 2010. a
Beldon, C. L. and Mitchell, N. J.: Gravity wave–tidal interactions in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere over Rothera, Antarctica (68 S, 68 W), J. Geophys. Res., 115, D18101,, 2010. a
Beres, J., Garcia, R. R., Boville, B. A., and Sassi, F.: Implementation of a gravity wave source spectrum parameterization dependent on the properties of convection in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM), J. Geophys. Res., 110, D10108,, 2005. a
Short summary
This numerical study addresses observational gaps' impact on atmospheric gravity wave spectra. Three methods, fast Fourier transform (FFT), generalized Lomb–Scargle periodogram (GLS), and Haar structure function (HSF), were tested on synthetic data. HSF is best for spectra with negative slopes. GLS excels for flat and positive slopes and identifying dominant frequencies. Accurately estimating these aspects is crucial for understanding gravity wave dynamics and energy transfer in the atmosphere.