Articles | Volume 10, issue 3
Research article
16 Mar 2017
Research article |  | 16 Mar 2017

Assessment of snowfall accumulation underestimation by tipping bucket gauges in the Spanish operational network

Samuel T. Buisán, Michael E. Earle, José Luís Collado, John Kochendorfer, Javier Alastrué, Mareile Wolff, Craig D. Smith, and Juan I. López-Moreno

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Cited articles

Añel, J. A., López-Moreno, J. I., Otto, F. E. L., Vicente-Serrano, S., Schaller, N., Massey, N., Buisán, S. T., and Allen, M. R.: The extreme snow accumulation in the Western Spanish Pyrennes during winter and spring 2013 (in explaining extreme events of 2013 from a climate perspective), B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 95, 9, 2014.
Barnett, T. P., Adam, J. C., and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Potential impacts of a warming climate on water availability in snow-dominated regions, Nature, 438, 303–309,, 2005.
Beguería, S., Vicente-Serrano, S., López-Moreno, J. I., and García-Ruiz, J. M.: Annual and seasonal mapping of peak intensity, magnitude and duration of extreme precipitation events across a climatic gradient, north-east Iberian Peninsula, Int. J. Climatol, 29, 1759–1779, 2009.
Beniston, M.: Climatic Change in mountain regions: a review of possible impacts, Climate Change, 59, 5–3, 2003.
Buisán, S. T., Sanz, M. A., and López-Moreno, J. I.: Spatial and temporal variability of winter snow and precipitation days in the western and central Spanish Pyrenees, Int. J. Climatol., 35, 259–274,, 2014.
Short summary
Within the framework of the WMO-SPICE (Solid Precipitation Intercomparison Experiment) the Thies tipping bucket precipitation gauge, widely used at AEMET, was assessed against the SPICE reference. Most countries use tipping buckets and for this reason the underestimation of snowfall precipitation is a large-scale problem. The methodology presented here can be used by other national weather services to test precipitation bias corrections and to identify regions where errors are higher.