Articles | Volume 10, issue 1
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 155–165, 2017
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 155–165, 2017

Research article 11 Jan 2017

Research article | 11 Jan 2017

Uncertainties of ground-based microwave radiometer retrievals in zenith and off-zenith observations under snow conditions

Wengang Zhang et al.

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Cited articles

Chan, P. W.: Performance and application of a multi-wavelength, ground-based microwave radiometer in intense convective weather, Meteorol. Z., 18, 253–265,, 2009.
Chan, P. W. and Hon, K. K.: Performance of instability indices of the troposphere as derived from a ground-based microwave radiometer. The 11th Specialist Meeting on Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment, Washington, DC, USA, 1–4 March 2010, 2010.
Cimini, D., Campos, E., Ware, R., Albers, S., Giuliani, G., Oreamuno, J., Joe, P., Koch, S. E., Cober, S., and Westwater, E.: Thermodynamic atmospheric profiling during the 2010 winter olympicsusingground-based microwave radiometry, IEEE T. Geosci. Remote, 49, 4959–4969,, 2011.
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Kneifel, S., Löhnert, U., Battaglia, A., Crewell, S., and Siebler, D.: Snow scattering signals in ground-based passive microwave radiometer measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D16214,, 2010.
Short summary
A comparison between a microwave radiometer and radiosonde is carried out, and performances of zenith and off-zenith observations during snowfall are shown. In off-zenith observations, the effect of snow is obviously mitigated, and the deviation between microwave radiometer and radiosonde is small. With the aid of off-zenith observation, reliable thermodynamic atmospheric profiles can be collected, and those will be useful for the analysis and forecasting of severe convective weather.