Articles | Volume 11, issue 2
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-971-2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-971-2018
Research article
 | 
19 Feb 2018
Research article |  | 19 Feb 2018

Single-footprint retrievals of temperature, water vapor and cloud properties from AIRS

Fredrick W. Irion, Brian H. Kahn, Mathias M. Schreier, Eric J. Fetzer, Evan Fishbein, Dejian Fu, Peter Kalmus, R. Chris Wilson, Sun Wong, and Qing Yue

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Cited articles

Aumann, H. H., Chahine, M. T., Gautier, C., Goldberg, M. D., Kalnay, E., McMillin, L. M., Revercomb, H., Rosenkranz, P. W., Smith, W. L., Staelin, D. H., Strow, L. L., and Susskind, J.: AIRS/AMSU/HSB on the Aqua mission: design, science objectives, data products, and processing systems, IEEE T. Geosci. Remote, 41, 253–264, 2003.
Baum, B. A., Yang, P., Nasiri, S., Heidinger, A. K., Heymsfield, A., and Li, J.: Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part III: High-resolution spectral models from 100 to 3250 cm−1, J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim., 46, 423–434, 2007.
Blackwell, W. J.: A neural-network technique for the retrieval of atmospheric temperature and moisture profiles from high spectral resolution sounding data, IEEE T. Geosci. Remote, 43, 2535–2546, 2005.
Blumstein, D., Chalon, G., Carlier, T., Buil, C., Heìbert, P., Maciaszek, T., Ponce, G., Phulpin, T., Tournier, B., Simeìoni, D., Astruc, P., Clauss, A., Kayal, G., and Jegou, R.: IASI instrument: Technical overview and measured performances, in: Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing XII, edited by: Strojnik, M, Proc. SPIE, 5543, SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2004.
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Short summary
We describe a new algorithm for the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) that uses its thermal infrared spectra directly rather than using “cloud-clearing.” By additionally modelling clouds within an AIRS field-of-view, we retrieve temperature and water vapor profiles on the AIRS ~13.5 km horizontal footprint (at nadir) rather than the ~45 km footprint of cloud-cleared spectra. Initial validation is presented, and avenues for future development are discussed.