Articles | Volume 13, issue 7
Research article
21 Jul 2020
Research article |  | 21 Jul 2020

Using two-stream theory to capture fluctuations of satellite-perceived TOA SW radiances reflected from clouds over ocean

Florian Tornow, Carlos Domenech, Howard W. Barker, René Preusker, and Jürgen Fischer

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Cited articles

Barker, H. W. and Wehr, T.: Computation of Solar Radiative Fluxes by 1D and 3D Methods Using Cloudy Atmospheres Inferred from A-train Satellite Data, Surv. Geophys., 33, 657–676,, 2012. a
Barker, H. W., Wielicki, B. A., and Parker, L.: A Parameterization for Computing Grid-Averaged Solar Fluxes for Inhomogeneous Marine Boundary Layer Clouds. Part II: Validation Using Satellite Data, J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 2304–2316,<2304:APFCGA>2.0.CO;2, 1996. a
Barker, H. W., Jerg, M. P., Wehr, T., Kato, S., Donovan, D. P., and Hogan,  R. J.: A 3D cloud-construction algorithm for the EarthCARE satellite mission, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 137, 1042–1058,, 2011. a
Baum, B. A., Heymsfield, A. J., Yang, P., and Bedka, S. T.: Bulk Scattering Properties for the Remote Sensing of Ice Clouds. Part I: Microphysical Data and Models, J. Appl. Meteorol., 44, 1885–1895,, 2005. a
Bender, F. A.-M., Rohde, H., Charloson, R. J., Ekman, A. M. L., and Loeb, N.: 22 views of the global albedo – comparison between 20 GCMs and two satellites, Tellus A, 58, 320–330,, 2006. a
Short summary
Clouds reflect sunlight unevenly, which makes it difficult to quantify the portion reflected back to space via satellite observation. To improve quantification, we propose a new statistical model that incorporates more satellite-inferred cloud and atmospheric properties than state-of-the-art models. We use concepts from radiative transfer theory that we statistically optimize to fit observations. The new model often explains past satellite observations better and predicts reflection plausibly.