Articles | Volume 14, issue 1
Research article
25 Jan 2021
Research article |  | 25 Jan 2021

Linking rain into ice microphysics across the melting layer in stratiform rain: a closure study

Kamil Mróz, Alessandro Battaglia, Stefan Kneifel, Leonie von Terzi, Markus Karrer, and Davide Ori

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Cited articles

Atlas, D., Srivastava, R. C., and Sekhon, R. S.: Doppler radar characteristics of precipitation at vertical incidence, Rev. Geophys., 11, 1–35,, 1973. a, b
Battaglia, A. and Kollias, P.: Evaluation of differential absorption radars in the 183 GHz band for profiling water vapour in ice clouds, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 3335–3349,, 2019. a
Battaglia, A., Kummerow, C., Shin, D.-B., and Williams, C.: Toward characterizing the effect of radar bright bands on microwave brightness temperatures, J. Atmos. Ocean, Technol., 20, 856–871,<0856:CMBTBR>2.0.CO;2, 2003. a
Battaglia, A., Kollias, P., Dhillon, R., , Roy, R., Tanelli, S., Lamer, K., Grecu, M., Lebsock, M., Watters, D., Mroz, K., Heymsfield, G., Li, L., and Furukawa, K.: Space-borne cloud and precipitation radars: status, challenges and ways forward, Rev. Geophys., 58, e2019RG000686,, 2020a. a, b
Battaglia, A., Tanelli, S., Tridon, F., Kneifel, S., Leinonen, J., and Kollias, P.: Satellite precipitation measurement, vol. 67 of Adv.Global Change Res., chap. Triple-frequency radar retrievals, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, ISBN 978-3-030-24567-2, 2020b. a
Short summary
The article examines the relationship between the characteristics of rain and the properties of the ice cloud from which the rain originated. Our results confirm the widely accepted assumption that the mass flux through the melting zone is well preserved with an exception of extreme aggregation and riming conditions. Moreover, it is shown that the mean (mass-weighted) size of particles above and below the melting zone is strongly linked, with the former being on average larger.