Articles | Volume 11, issue 9
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 5335–5350, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-5335-2018
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 5335–5350, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-5335-2018
Research article
25 Sep 2018
Research article | 25 Sep 2018

Measuring turbulent CO2 fluxes with a closed-path gas analyzer in a marine environment

Martti Honkanen et al.

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Cited articles

Aurela, M., Lohila, A., Tuovinen, J.-P., Hatakka, J., Penttilä, T., and Laurila, T.: Carbon dioxide and energy flux measurements in four northern-boreal ecosystems at Pallas, Boreal Environ. Res., 20, 455–473, 2015. a
Blomquist, B. W., Huebert, B. J., Fairall, C. W., Bariteau, L., Edson, J. B., Hare, J. E., and McGillis, W. R.: Advances in Air–Sea CO2 Flux Measurement by Eddy Correlation, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 152, 245–276, 2014. a, b, c
Chatziefstratiou, E. K., Velissariou, V., and Bohrer, G.: Resolving the Effects of Aperture and Volume Restriction of the Flow by Semi-Porous Barriers Using Large-Eddy Simulations, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 152, 329–348, 2014. a
Dabbert, W. F., Lenschow, D. H., Horst, T. W., Zimmerman, P. R., Oncley, S. P., and Delany, A. C.: Atmosphere-surface exchange measurements, Science, 260, 1472–1481, 1993. a
Edson, J. B., Fairall, C. W., Bariteau, L., Zappa, C. J., Cifuentes-Lorenzen, A., McGillis, W. R., Pezoa, S., Hare, J. E., and Helmig, D.: Direct covariance measurement of CO2 gas transfer velocity during the 2008 Southern Ocean gas exchange experiment: wind speed dependency, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C00F10, https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JC007022, 2011. a
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The exchange rate of carbon dioxide (CO2) between the atmosphere and the sea is typically small compared to the fluxes observed in the terrestrial ecosystems, causing technical challenges for the measurements of the CO2 sea–air fluxes. In this paper, we examine CO2 sea–air flux measurements carried out on a fixed station on an island. The problems generated by water vapor interference and unmet theoretical assumptions of the eddy covariance method are addressed.