Articles | Volume 10, issue 11
Research article
21 Nov 2017
Research article |  | 21 Nov 2017

Real-time analysis of insoluble particles in glacial ice using single-particle mass spectrometry

Matthew Osman, Maria A. Zawadowicz, Sarah B. Das, and Daniel J. Cziczo

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Cited articles

Ault, A. P., Williams, C. R., White, A. B., Neiman, P. J., Creamean, J. M., Gaston, C. J., Ralph, F. M., and Prather, K. A.: Detection of Asian dust in California orographic precipitation, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 116, 16205–16220,, 2011.
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Creamean, J. M., Suski, K. J., Rosenfeld, D., Cazorla, A., DeMott, P. J., Sullivan, R. C., White, A. B., Ralph, F. M., Comstock, J. M., Tomlinson, J. M., and Prather, K. A.: Dust and Biological Aerosols from the Sahara and Asia Influence Precipitation in the Western U.S., Science, 339, 1572–1578,, 2013.
Creamean, J. M., White, A. B., Minnis, P., Palikonda, R., Spangenber, D. A., and Prather, K. A.: The relationships between insoluble precipitation residues, clouds and precipitation over California's southern Sierra Nevada during winter storms, Atmos. Environ., 140, 298–310,, 2016.
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This study presents the first-time attempt at using time-of-flight single particle mass spectrometry (SPMS) as an emerging online technique for measuring insoluble particles in glacial snow and ice. Using samples from two Greenlandic ice cores, we show that SPMS can constrain the aerodynamic size, composition, and relative abundance of most particulate types on a per-particle basis, reducing the preparation time and resources required of conventional, filter-based particle retrieval methods.