Articles | Volume 14, issue 6
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 4171–4185, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-4171-2021
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 4171–4185, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-4171-2021
Research article
07 Jun 2021
Research article | 07 Jun 2021

Detection of ship plumes from residual fuel operation in emission control areas using single-particle mass spectrometry

Johannes Passig et al.

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Cited articles

Antturi, J., Hänninen, O., Jalkanen, J.-P., Johansson, L., Prank, M., Sofiev, M., and Ollikainen, M.: Costs and benefits of low-sulphur fuel standard for Baltic Sea shipping, J. Environ. Manag., 184, 431–440, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.09.064, 2016. 
Arndt, J., Sciare, J., Mallet, M., Roberts, G. C., Marchand, N., Sartelet, K., Sellegri, K., Dulac, F., Healy, R. M., and Wenger, J. C.: Sources and mixing state of summertime background aerosol in the north-western Mediterranean basin, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 6975–7001, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-6975-2017, 2017. 
Ault, A. P., Moore, M. J., Furutani, H., and Prather, K. A.: Impact of Emissions from the Los Angeles Port Region on San Diego Air Quality during Regional Transport Events, Environ. Sci. Technol., 43, 3500–3506, https://doi.org/10.1021/es8018918, 2009. 
Ault, A. P., Gaston, C. I., Wang, Y., Dominguez, G., Thiemens, M. H., and Prather, K. A.: Characterization of the single particle mixing state of individual ship plume events measured at the Port of Los Angeles, Environ. Sci. Technol., 44, 1954–1961, https://doi.org/10.1021/es902985h, 2010. 
Ausmeel, S., Eriksson, A., Ahlberg, E., and Kristensson, A.: Methods for identifying aged ship plumes and estimating contribution to aerosol exposure downwind of shipping lanes, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 4479–4493, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-12-4479-2019, 2019. 
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Short summary
Ships are major sources of air pollution; however, monitoring of ship emissions outside harbours is a challenging task. We optimized single-particle mass spectrometry (SPMS) for the detection of bunker fuel emissions and demonstrate the detection of individual ship plumes from more than 10 km in distance. The approach works independently of background air pollution and also when ships use exhaust-cleaning scrubbers. We discuss the potential and limits of SPMS-based monitoring of ship plumes.