Articles | Volume 16, issue 4
Research article
23 Feb 2023
Research article |  | 23 Feb 2023

GNSS radio occultation soundings from commercial off-the-shelf receivers on board balloon platforms

Kevin J. Nelson, Feiqin Xie, Bryan C. Chan, Ashish Goel, Jonathan Kosh, Tyler G. R. Reid, Corey R. Snyder, and Paul M. Tarantino

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Cited articles

Adhikari, L., Xie, F., and Haase, J. S.: Application of the full spectrum inversion algorithm to simulated airborne GPS radio occultation signals, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 5077–5087,, 2016. a, b, c, d, e, f
Anthes, R. A., Bernhardt, P. A., Chen, Y., Cucurull, L., Dymond, K. F., Ector, D., Healy, S. B., Ho, S. P., Hunt, D. C., Kuo, Y. H., Liu, H., Manning, K., McCormick, C., Meehan, T. K., Randel, W. J., Rocken, C., Schreiner, W. S., Sokolovskiy, S. V., Syndergaard, S., Thompson, D. C., Trenberth, K. E., Wee, T. K., Yen, N. L., and Zeng, Z.: The COSMIC/FORMOSAT-3 Mission: Early Results, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 89, 313–334,, 2008. a
Ao, C. O., Chan, T. K., Iijima, A., Li, J.-L., Mannucci, A. J., Teixeira, J., Tian, B., and Waliser, D. E.: Planetary Boundary Layer Information from GPS Radio Occultation Measurements, GRAS SAF Workshop on Applications of GPSRO Measurements, 123–131, 2008. a
Ao, C. O., Hajj, G. A., Meehan, T. K., Dong, D., Iijima, B. A., Mannucci, A. J., and Kursinski, E. R.: Rising and setting GPS occultations by use of open-loop tracking, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D04101,, 2009. a, b
Ao, C. O., Waliser, D. E., Chan, S. K., Li, J.-L., Tian, B., Xie, F., and Mannucci, A. J.: Planetary boundary layer heights from GPS radio occultation refractivity and humidity profiles, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 117, D16117,, 2012. a
Short summary
Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) radio occultation (RO) remote sensing is effective for atmospheric profiling. The capability of a low-cost and scalable commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) GNSS receiver on board high-altitude balloons is tested in two campaigns. Preliminary results demonstrate high-quality refractivity observations from the COTS RO receiver, which is worth further improvement for dense atmospheric observations over a targeted region.