Articles | Volume 14, issue 1
Research article
11 Jan 2021
Research article |  | 11 Jan 2021

An approach to minimize aircraft motion bias in multi-hole probe wind measurements made by small unmanned aerial systems

Loiy Al-Ghussain and Sean C. C. Bailey

Related authors

High-altitude atmospheric turbulence and infrasound measurements using a balloon-launched small uncrewed aircraft system
Anisa N. Haghighi, Ryan D. Nolin, Gary D. Pundsack, Nick Craine, Aliaksei Stratislatau, and Sean C. C. Bailey
EGUsphere,,, 2023
Short summary
Data generated during the 2018 LAPSE-RATE campaign: an introduction and overview
Gijs de Boer, Adam Houston, Jamey Jacob, Phillip B. Chilson, Suzanne W. Smith, Brian Argrow, Dale Lawrence, Jack Elston, David Brus, Osku Kemppinen, Petra Klein, Julie K. Lundquist, Sean Waugh, Sean C. C. Bailey, Amy Frazier, Michael P. Sama, Christopher Crick, David Schmale III, James Pinto, Elizabeth A. Pillar-Little, Victoria Natalie, and Anders Jensen
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 3357–3366,,, 2020
Short summary
University of Kentucky measurements of wind, temperature, pressure and humidity in support of LAPSE-RATE using multisite fixed-wing and rotorcraft unmanned aerial systems
Sean C. C. Bailey, Michael P. Sama, Caleb A. Canter, L. Felipe Pampolini, Zachary S. Lippay, Travis J. Schuyler, Jonathan D. Hamilton, Sean B. MacPhee, Isaac S. Rowe, Christopher D. Sanders, Virginia G. Smith, Christina N. Vezzi, Harrison M. Wight, Jesse B. Hoagg, Marcelo I. Guzman, and Suzanne Weaver Smith
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 1759–1773,,, 2020
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Others (Wind, Precipitation, Temperature, etc.) | Technique: In Situ Measurement | Topic: Data Processing and Information Retrieval
Adjustment of one-minute rain gauge time series using co-located drop size distribution and wind speed measurements
Arianna Cauteruccio, Mattia Stagnaro, Luca G. Lanza, and Pak-Wai Chan
Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.,,, 2023
Revised manuscript accepted for AMT
Short summary
Estimating turbulent energy flux vertical profiles from uncrewed aircraft system measurements: exemplary results for the MOSAiC campaign
Ulrike Egerer, John J. Cassano, Matthew D. Shupe, Gijs de Boer, Dale Lawrence, Abhiram Doddi, Holger Siebert, Gina Jozef, Radiance Calmer, Jonathan Hamilton, Christian Pilz, and Michael Lonardi
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 16, 2297–2317,,, 2023
Short summary
Gap filling of turbulent heat fluxes over rice–wheat rotation croplands using the random forest model
Jianbin Zhang, Zexia Duan, Shaohui Zhou, Yubin Li, and Zhiqiu Gao
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 16, 2197–2207,,, 2023
Short summary
Estimation of raindrop size distribution and rain rate with infrared surveillance camera in dark conditions
Jinwook Lee, Jongyun Byun, Jongjin Baik, Changhyun Jun, and Hyeon-Joon Kim
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 16, 707–725,,, 2023
Short summary
Estimates of the spatially complete, observational-data-driven planetary boundary layer height over the contiguous United States
Zolal Ayazpour, Shiqi Tao, Dan Li, Amy Jo Scarino, Ralph E. Kuehn, and Kang Sun
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 16, 563–580,,, 2023
Short summary

Cited articles

Axford, D. N.: On the Accuracy of Wind Measurements Using an Inertial Platform in an Aircraft, and an Example of a Measurement of the Vertical Mesostructure of the Atmosphere, J. Appl. Meteorol., 7, 645–666,<0645:OTAOWM>2.0.CO;2, 1968. a
Bailey, S. C. C., Canter, C. A., Sama, M. P., Houston, A. L., and Smith, S. W.: Unmanned aerial vehicles reveal the impact of a total solar eclipse on the atmospheric surface layer, P. Roy. Soc. A-Math Phy., 475, 20190212,, 2019. a, b, c
Bailey, S. C. C., Smith, S. W., and Sama, M. P.: University of Kentucky files from LAPSE-RATE, Data set, Zenodo,, 2020. a
Balsley, B. B., Lawrence, D. A., Woodman, R. F., and Fritts, D. C.: Fine-scale characteristics of temperature, wind, and turbulence in the lower atmosphere (0–1,300 m) over the south Peruvian coast, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 147, 165–178, 2013. a, b
Barbieri, L., Kral, S. T., Bailey, S. C. C., Frazier, A. E., Jacob, J. D., Reuder, J., Brus, D., Chilson, P. B., Crick, C., Detweiler, C., Doddi, A., Elston, J., Foroutan, H., González-Rocha, J., Greene, B. R., Guzman, M. I., Houston, A. L., Islam, A., Kemppinen, O., Lawrence, D., Pillar-Little, E. A., Ross, S. D., Sama, M. P., Schmale, D. G., Schuyler, T. J., Shankar, A., Smith, S. W., Waugh, S., Dixon, C., Borenstein, S., and de Boer, G.: Intercomparison of Small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS) Measurements for Atmospheric Science during the LAPSE-RATE Campaign, Sensors, 19, 2179,, 2019. a, b, c
Short summary
Unmanned aerial vehicles equipped with multi-hole probes are an effective approach to measure the wind vector with high spatial and temporal resolution. However, the aircraft motion must be removed from the measured signal first, a process often introducing bias due to small errors in the relative orientation of coordinates. We present an approach that has successfully been applied in post-processing, which was found to minimize the influence of aircraft motion on wind measurements.