Articles | Volume 16, issue 16
Research article
24 Aug 2023
Research article |  | 24 Aug 2023

The impact of Aeolus winds on near-surface wind forecasts over tropical ocean and high-latitude regions

Haichen Zuo and Charlotte Bay Hasager

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Cited articles

Andersson, E., Dabas, A., Endemann, M., Ingmann, P., Källén, E., Offiler, D., and Stoffelen, A.: ADM-Aeolus Science Report, SP-1311, ESA, 121 pp., (last access: 2 September 2022), 2008. 
Banyard, T. P., Wright, C. J., Hindley, N. P., Halloran, G., Krisch, I., Kaifler, B., and Hoffmann, L.: Atmospheric Gravity Waves in Aeolus Wind Lidar Observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 48, e2021GL092756,, 2021. 
Belova, E., Kirkwood, S., Voelger, P., Chatterjee, S., Satheesan, K., Hagelin, S., Lindskog, M., and Körnich, H.: Validation of Aeolus winds using ground-based radars in Antarctica and in northern Sweden, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 5415–5428,, 2021. 
Bidlot, J.-R., Holmes, D. J., Wittmann, P. A., Lalbeharry, R., and Chen, H. S.: Intercomparison of the Performance of Operational Ocean Wave Forecasting Systems with Buoy Data, Weather Forecast., 17, 287–310,<0287:IOTPOO>2.0.CO;2, 2002. 
Bromwich, D. H., Monaghan, A. J., Manning, K. W., and Powers, J. G.: Real-Time Forecasting for the Antarctic: An Evaluation of the Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System (AMPS), Mon. Weather Rev., 133, 579–603,, 2005. 
Short summary
Aeolus is a satellite equipped with a Doppler wind lidar to detect global wind profiles. This study evaluates the impact of Aeolus winds on surface wind forecasts over tropical oceans and high-latitude regions based on the ECMWF observing system experiments. We find that Aeolus can slightly improve surface wind forecasts for the region > 60° N, especially from day 5 onwards. For other study regions, the impact of Aeolus is nearly neutral or limited, which requires further investigation.