Articles | Volume 15, issue 1
Research article
03 Jan 2022
Research article |  | 03 Jan 2022

Wind speed and direction estimation from wave spectra using deep learning

Haoyu Jiang

Related subject area

Subject: Others (Wind, Precipitation, Temperature, etc.) | Technique: In Situ Measurement | Topic: Data Processing and Information Retrieval
Estimation of raindrop size distribution and rain rate with infrared surveillance camera in dark conditions
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Atmos. Meas. Tech., 16, 707–725,,, 2023
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Zolal Ayazpour, Shiqi Tao, Dan Li, Amy Jo Scarino, Ralph E. Kuehn, and Kang Sun
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Inferring surface energy fluxes using drone data assimilation in large eddy simulations
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Raindrop size distribution (DSD) during the passage of tropical cyclone Nivar: effect of measuring principle and wind on DSDs and retrieved rain integral and polarimetric parameters from impact and laser disdrometers
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Cited articles

Babanin, A. V., McConochie, J., and Chalikov, D.: Winds near the surface of waves: Observations and modeling. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 48, 1079–1088,, 2018. 
Hsu, S. A., Meindl, E. A., and Gilhousen, D. B.: Determining the power-law wind-profile exponent under near-neutral stability conditions at sea, J. Appl. Meteorol., 33, 757–765,<0757:DTPLWP>2.0.CO;2 1994. 
Jiang, H.: Indirect validation of ocean remote sensing data via numerical model: An example of wave heights from altimeter, Remote Sens., 13, 2627,, 2020. 
Jiang, H. and Mu, L.: Wave Climate from Spectra and Its Connections with Local and Remote Wind Climate, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 49, 543–559, 2019. 
Jiang, H., Babanin, A. V., and Chen, G.: Event-based validation of swell arrival time, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 46, 3563–3569,, 2016. 
Short summary
Sea surface wind and waves are important ocean parameters that can be continuously observed by meteorological buoys. Meteorological buoys are sparse in the ocean due to their high cost of deployment and maintenance. In contrast, low-cost compact wave buoys are suited for deployment in large numbers. Although wave buoys are not designed for wind measurement, we found that deep learning can estimate wind from wave measurements accurately, making wave buoys a good-quality data source for sea wind.