Articles | Volume 7, issue 12
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 4445–4453, 2014
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 4445–4453, 2014
Research article
15 Dec 2014
Research article | 15 Dec 2014

Development and field testing of a rapid and ultra-stable atmospheric carbon dioxide spectrometer

B. Xiang et al.

Related authors

Evaluation of the airborne quantum cascade laser spectrometer (QCLS) measurements of the carbon and greenhouse gas suite – CO2, CH4, N2O, and CO – during the CalNex and HIPPO campaigns
G. W. Santoni, B. C. Daube, E. A. Kort, R. Jiménez, S. Park, J. V. Pittman, E. Gottlieb, B. Xiang, M. S. Zahniser, D. D. Nelson, J. B. McManus, J. Peischl, T. B. Ryerson, J. S. Holloway, A. E. Andrews, C. Sweeney, B. Hall, E. J. Hintsa, F. L. Moore, J. W. Elkins, D. F. Hurst, B. B. Stephens, J. Bent, and S. C. Wofsy
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 1509–1526,,, 2014
Towards a stable and absolute atmospheric carbon dioxide instrument using spectroscopic null method
B. Xiang, D. D. Nelson, J. B. McManus, M. S. Zahniser, and S. C. Wofsy
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 1611–1621,,, 2013

Related subject area

Subject: Gases | Technique: In Situ Measurement | Topic: Instruments and Platforms
Metrology for low-cost CO2 sensors applications: the case of a steady-state through-flow (SS-TF) chamber for CO2 fluxes observations
Roger Curcoll, Josep-Anton Morguí, Armand Kamnang, Lídia Cañas, Arturo Vargas, and Claudia Grossi
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 15, 2807–2818,,, 2022
Short summary
A relaxed eddy accumulation (REA) LOPAP system for flux measurements of nitrous acid (HONO)
Lisa von der Heyden, Walter Wißdorf, Ralf Kurtenbach, and Jörg Kleffmann
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 15, 1983–2000,,, 2022
Short summary
Fill dynamics and sample mixing in the AirCore
Pieter Tans
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 15, 1903–1916,,, 2022
Short summary
IRIS analyser assessment reveals sub-hourly variability of isotope ratios in carbon dioxide at Baring Head, New Zealand's atmospheric observatory in the Southern Ocean
Peter Sperlich, Gordon W. Brailsford, Rowena C. Moss, John McGregor, Ross J. Martin, Sylvia Nichol, Sara Mikaloff-Fletcher, Beata Bukosa, Magda Mandic, C. Ian Schipper, Paul Krummel, and Alan D. Griffiths
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 15, 1631–1656,,, 2022
Short summary
A versatile vacuum ultraviolet ion source for reduced pressure bipolar chemical ionization mass spectrometry
Martin Breitenlechner, Gordon A. Novak, J. Andrew Neuman, Andrew W. Rollins, and Patrick R. Veres
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 15, 1159–1169,,, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Andersen, P. C., Williford, C. J., David, D. E., and Birks, J. W.: Ultrasonic detector for high precision measurements of carbon dioxide, Anal. Chem., 82, 7929–7934, 2010.
Andrews, A. E., Kofler, J. D., Trudeau, M. E., Williams, J. C., Neff, D. H., Masarie, K. A., Chao, D. Y., Kitzis, D. R., Novelli, P. C., Zhao, C. L., Dlugokencky, E. J., Lang, P. M., Crotwell, M. J., Fischer, M. L., Parker, M. J., Lee, J. T., Baumann, D. D., Desai, A. R., Stanier, C. O., De Wekker, S. F. J., Wolfe, D. E., Munger, J. W., and Tans, P. P.: CO2, CO, and CH4 measurements from tall towers in the NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory's Global Greenhouse Gas Reference Network: instrumentation, uncertainty analysis, and recommendations for future high-accuracy greenhouse gas monitoring efforts, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 647–687,, 2014.
Baer, D. S., Paul, J. B., Gupta, M., and O'Keefe, A.: Sensitive absorption measurements in the near-infrared region using off-axis integrated-cavity-output spectroscopy, Appl. Phys. B, 75, 261–265, 2002.
Chen, H., Winderlich, J., Gerbig, C., Hoefer, A., Rella, C. W., Crosson, E. R., Van Pelt, A. D., Steinbach, J., Kolle, O., Beck, V., Daube, B. C., Gottlieb, E. W., Chow, V. Y., and Santoni, G. W.: High-accuracy continuous airborne measurements of greenhouse gases (CO2 and CH4) using the cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) technique, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 375–386, 2010.
Daube, B. C., Boering, K. A., Andrews, A. E., and Wofsy, S. C.: A high-precision fast-response airborne CO2 analyzer for in situ sampling from the surface to the middle stratosphere, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 19, 1532–1543, 2002.
Short summary
We designed and built a spectrometer, ABsolute Carbon dioxide (ABC), to measure atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide. This instrument was tested in a forest environment for almost a year. Based on results from this long-term field deployment, we proved that ABC has the capability of performing high-accuracy, unattended, continuous field measurements with minimal use of reference gas cylinders.