Articles | Volume 11, issue 6
Research article
07 Jun 2018
Research article |  | 07 Jun 2018

A weighted least squares approach to retrieve aerosol layer height over bright surfaces applied to GOME-2 measurements of the oxygen A band for forest fire cases over Europe

Swadhin Nanda, J. Pepijn Veefkind, Martin de Graaf, Maarten Sneep, Piet Stammes, Johan F. de Haan, Abram F. J. Sanders, Arnoud Apituley, Olaf Tuinder, and Pieternel F. Levelt

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Cited articles

Alexander, H., Maxime, H., Myles, T., Jean-Luc, L., Martial, H., Volker, L., team, E.-P., and TOPROF team: The E-PROFILE network for the operational measurement of wind and aerosol profiles over Europe, in: Instruments and Observing Methods, vol. 125, World Meteorological Organization, Madrid, Spain, available at:, 2016. a, b, c
CAMS: Saharan dust and smoke over France and UK, available at: (last access: 5 June 2018), 2017. a
CNES, CNRS, University of Lille: ICARE data and services center, available at:, last access: 6 June 2018. 
Corradini, S. and Cervino, M.: Aerosol extinction coefficient profile retrieval in the oxygen A-band considering multiple scattering atmosphere. Test case: SCIAMACHY nadir simulated measurements, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Ra., 97, 354–380,, available at:, 2006. a
Dee, D. P., Uppala, S. M., Simmons, A. J., Berrisford, P., Poli, P., Kobayashi, S., Andrae, U., Balmaseda, M. A., Balsamo, G., Bauer, P., Bechtold, P., Beljaars, A. C. M., van de Berg, L., Bidlot, J., Bormann, N., Delsol, C., Dragani, R., Fuentes, M., Geer, A. J., Haimberger, L., Healy, S. B., Hersbach, H., Hólm, E. V., Isaksen, L., Kållberg, P., Köhler, M., Matricardi, M., McNally, A. P., Monge-Sanz, B. M., Morcrette, J.-J., Park, B.-K., Peubey, C., de Rosnay, P., Tavolato, C., Thépaut, J.-N., and Vitart, F.: The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 137, 553–597,, 2011. a
Short summary
An approach to estimate the height of aerosol plumes over land from satellite measurements of the oxygen A band is proposed. The method, termed dynamic scaling, forces the retrieval to use spectral points that contain more height information. The method is tested in a synthetic environment as well as with GOME-2A and GOME-2B measurements of wildfire plumes over Europe, with very encouraging results. This method can be easily applied to other aerosol height algorithms using least squares.