Articles | Volume 14, issue 2
Research article
02 Mar 2021
Research article |  | 02 Mar 2021

A Compact Rayleigh Autonomous Lidar (CORAL) for the middle atmosphere

Bernd Kaifler and Natalie Kaifler

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Limitations in Wavelet Analysis of Non-Stationary Atmospheric Gravity Wave Signatures in Temperature Profiles
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Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.,,, 2023
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Signatures of gravity wave-induced instabilities in balloon lidar soundings of polar mesospheric clouds
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Cited articles

Alexander, S. P., Klekociuk, A. R., and Murphy, D. J.: Rayleigh lidar observations of gravity wave activity in the winter upper stratosphere and lower mesosphere above Davis, Antarctica (69S, 78E), J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 116, D13109,, 2011. a, b
Collis, R. T. H.: Lidar Observation of Cloud, Science, 149, 978–981,, 1965. a
Duck, T. J., Sipler, D. P., Salah, J. E., and Meriwether, J. W.: Rayleigh lidar observations of a mesospheric inversion layer during night and day, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 3597–3600,, 2001. a
Eckermann, S. D., Ma, J., Hoppel, K. W., Kuhl, D. D., Allen, D. R., Doyle, J. A., Viner, K. C., Ruston, B. C., Baker, N. L., Swadley, S. D., Whitcomb, T. R., Reynolds, C. A., Xu, L., Kaifler, N., Kaifler, B., Reid, I. M., Murphy, D. J., and Love, P. T.: High-Altitude (0–100 km) Global Atmospheric Reanalysis System: Description and Application to the 2014 Austral Winter of the Deep Propagating Gravity Wave Experiment (DEEPWAVE), Mon. Weather Rev., 146, 2639–2666,, 2018. a
Ehard, B., Kaifler, B., Dörnbrack, A., Preusse, P., Eckermann, S., Bramberger, M., Gisinger, S., Kaifler, N., Liley, B., Wagner, J., and Rapp, M.: Horizontal propagation of large-amplitude mountain waves into the polar night jet, J. Geophys. Res., 122, 1423–1436,, 2017. a
Short summary
This paper describes the Compact Rayleigh Autonomous Lidar (CORAL), which is the first lidar instrument to make fully automatic high-resolution measurements of atmospheric density and temperature between 15 and 90 km altitude. CORAL achieves a much larger measurement cadence than conventional lidars and thus facilitates studies of rare atmospheric phenomena.