Articles | Volume 16, issue 10
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-16-2531-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-16-2531-2023
Research article
 | 
26 May 2023
Research article |  | 26 May 2023

Sensitivity studies of nighttime top-of-atmosphere radiances from artificial light sources using a 3-D radiative transfer model for nighttime aerosol retrievals

Jianglong Zhang, Jeffrey S. Reid, Steven D. Miller, Miguel Román, Zhuosen Wang, Robert J. D. Spurr, and Shawn Jaker

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Cited articles

Alfaro-Contreras, R., Zhang, J., Reid, J. S., and Christopher, S.: A study of 15-year aerosol optical thickness and direct shortwave aerosol radiative effect trends using MODIS, MISR, CALIOP and CERES, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 13849–13868, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-13849-2017, 2017. 
Cavazzani, S., Ortolani, S., Bertolo, A., Binotto, R., Fiorentin, P., Carraro, G., and Zitelli, V.: Satellite measurements of artificial light at night: Aerosol effects, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 499, 5075–5089, 2020. 
Chen H., Lei N., Sun C. and Xiong X.: Calibration uncertainty of retrieved toa radiance for Suomi-NPP VIIRS day-night band, in: 2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Fort Worth, TX, USA, 23–28 July 2017, IEEE, 5398–5401, https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2017.8128224, 2017. 
Conny, J. M. and Ortiz-Montalvo, D. L.: Effect of heterogeneity and shape on optical properties of urban dust based on three-dimensional modeling of individual particles, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, 9816–9842, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JD026488, 2017. 
Di Biagio, C., Formenti, P., Balkanski, Y., Caponi, L., Cazaunau, M., Pangui, E., Journet, E., Nowak, S., Andreae, M. O., Kandler, K., Saeed, T., Piketh, S., Seibert, D., Williams, E., and Doussin, J.-F.: Complex refractive indices and single-scattering albedo of global dust aerosols in the shortwave spectrum and relationship to size and iron content, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 15503–15531, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-15503-2019, 2019. 
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Short summary
We adapted the spherical harmonics discrete ordinate method 3-dimentional radiative transfer model (3-D RTM) and developed a nighttime 3-D RTM capability for simulating top-of-atmosphere radiances from artificial light sources for aerosol retrievals. Our study suggests that both aerosol optical depth and aerosol plume height can be effectively retrieved using nighttime observations over artificial light sources, through the newly developed radiative transfer modeling capability.