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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 8, issue 1
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 195–209, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-8-195-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: Limb observations of the middle atmosphere by space- and airborne...

Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 195–209, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-8-195-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 12 Jan 2015

Research article | 12 Jan 2015

Observations of volcanic SO2 from MLS on Aura

H. C. Pumphrey et al.

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Cited articles

Brühl, C., Lelieveld, J., Crutzen, P. J., and Tost, H.: The role of carbonyl sulphide as a source of stratospheric sulphate aerosol and its impact on climate, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1239–1253, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-1239-2012, 2012.
Carboni, E., Grainger, R., Walker, J., Dudhia, A., and Siddans, R.: A new scheme for sulphur dioxide retrieval from IASI measurements: application to the Eyjafjallajökull eruption of April and May 2010, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 11417–11434, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-11417-2012, 2012.
Carn, S. A. and Prata, F. J.: Satellite based constraints on explosive SO2 release from Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat, Geophys. Res. Lett, 37, L00E22, https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL044971, 2010.
Carn, S. A., Krueger, A. J., Krotkov, N. A., Yang, K., and Evans, K.: Tracking volcanic sulfur dioxide clouds for aviation hazard mitigation, Nat. Hazards, 51, 325–343, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-008-9228-4, 2008.
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Volcanic eruptions can be violent enough to inject sulfur dioxide into the stratosphere: the layer of the atmosphere which contains the ozone layer. Sulfur dioxide is a gas, but once it is in the stratosphere various chemical reactions convert it into tiny particles. These particles can alter the Earth's climate by reflecting sunlight. In this paper we describe how we used a satellite instrument called the Microwave Limb Sounder to observe volcanic sulfur dioxide in the stratosphere.
Volcanic eruptions can be violent enough to inject sulfur dioxide into the stratosphere: the...
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