Articles | Volume 12, issue 11
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 6113–6124, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-12-6113-2019
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 6113–6124, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-12-6113-2019

Research article 25 Nov 2019

Research article | 25 Nov 2019

Monitoring of compliance with fuel sulfur content regulations through unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) measurements of ship emissions

Fan Zhou et al.

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Cited articles

Aliabadi, A. A., Thomas, J. L., Herber, A. B., Staebler, R. M., Leaitch, W. R., Schulz, H., Law, K. S., Marelle, L., Burkart, J., Willis, M. D., Bozem, H., Hoor, P. M., Köllner, F., Schneider, J., Levasseur, M., and Abbatt, J. P. D.: Ship emissions measurement in the Arctic by plume intercepts of the Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker Amundsen from the Polar 6 aircraft platform, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 7899–7916, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-7899-2016, 2016. 
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Cappa, C. D., Williams, E. J., Lack, D. A., Buffaloe, G. M., Coffman, D., Hayden, K. L., Herndon, S. C., Lerner, B. M., Li, S.-M., Massoli, P., McLaren, R., Nuaaman, I., Onasch, T. B., and Quinn, P. K.: A case study into the measurement of ship emissions from plume intercepts of the NOAA ship Miller Freeman, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 1337–1352, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-1337-2014, 2014. 
Cheng, Y., Wang, S., Zhu, J., Guo, Y., Zhang, R., Liu, Y., Zhang, Y., Yu, Q., Ma, W., and Zhou, B.: Surveillance of SO2 and NO2 from ship emissions by MAX-DOAS measurements and implication to compliance of fuel sulfur content, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-369, in review, 2019. 
Short summary
This study developed a measurement system based on an unmanned aerial vehicle for determining the fuel sulfur content from the exhaust gas of ships. The proposed measurement could be used to determine the smoke plume at about 5 m from the funnel mouth of ships, providing a rapid high-precision monitoring of emission control areas for compliance with sulfur fuel content. The results show that, in general, the deviation of the estimated value for fuel sulfur content is less than 0.03 % (m/m).