Articles | Volume 7, issue 12
Research article
18 Dec 2014
Research article |  | 18 Dec 2014

Middle-atmospheric zonal and meridional wind profiles from polar, tropical and midlatitudes with the ground-based microwave Doppler wind radiometer WIRA

R. Rüfenacht, A. Murk, N. Kämpfer, P. Eriksson, and S. A. Buehler

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Cited articles

Angot, G., Keckhut, P., Hauchecorne, A., and Claud, C.: Contribution of stratospheric warmings to temperature trends in the middle atmosphere from the lidar series obtained at Haute-Provence Observatory (44 degrees N), J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 117, D21102,, 2012.
Baldwin, M. and Dunkerton, T.: Stratospheric harbingers of anomalous weather regimes, Science, 294, 581–584,, 2001.
Baron, P., Murtagh, D. P., Urban, J., Sagawa, H., Ochiai, S., Kasai, Y., Kikuchi, K., Khosrawi, F., Körnich, H., Mizobuchi, S., Sagi, K., and Yasui, M.: Observation of horizontal winds in the middle-atmosphere between 30° S and 55° N during the northern winter 2009–2010, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 6049–6064,, 2013.
Baumgarten, G.: Doppler Rayleigh/Mie/Raman lidar for wind and temperature measurements in the middle atmosphere up to 80 km, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 1509–1518,, 2010.
Buehler, S. A., Eriksson, P., Kuhn, T., von Engeln, A., and Verdes, C.: ARTS, the atmospheric radiative transfer simulator, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Ra., 91, 65–93,, 2005.
Short summary
Only very few techniques for wind measurements in the upper stratosphere and lower mesosphere exist. Moreover, none of these instruments is running on a continuous basis. This paper describes the development of ground-based microwave Doppler radiometry. Time series of daily wind profile measurements from four different locations at polar, mid- and tropical latitudes are presented. The agreement with ECMWF model data is good in the stratosphere, but discrepancies were found in the mesosphere.