Articles | Volume 13, issue 2
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 747–754, 2020
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 747–754, 2020

Research article 17 Feb 2020

Research article | 17 Feb 2020

Quantifying hail size distributions from the sky – application of drone aerial photogrammetry

Joshua S. Soderholm et al.

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Subject: Others (Wind, Precipitation, Temperature, etc.) | Technique: Remote Sensing | Topic: Instruments and Platforms
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Cited articles

Bemis, S. P., Micklethwaite, S., Turner, D., James, M. R., Akciz, S., Thiele, S. T., and Bangash, H. A.: Ground-based and UAV-Based photogrammetry: A multi-scale, high-resolution mapping tool for structural geology and paleoseismology, J. Struct. Geol., 69, 163–178,, 2014. a
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Changnon, S. A., Changnon, D., Ray Fosse, E., Hoganson, D. C., Roth, R. J., and Totsch, J. M.: Effects of Recent Weather Extremes on the Insurance Industry: Major Implications for the Atmospheric Sciences, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 425–435,<0425:EORWEO>2.0.CO;2, 1997. a
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Cheng, L. and English, M.: A Relationship Between Hailstone Concentration and Size, J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 204–213,<0204:arbhca>;2, 1983. a
Short summary
Collecting measurements of hail size and shape is difficult due to the infrequent and dangerous nature of hailstorms. To improve upon this, a new technique called HailPixel is introduced for measuring hail using aerial imagery collected by a drone. A combination of machine learning and computer vision methods is used to extract the shape of thousands of hailstones from the aerial imagery. The improved statistics from the much larger HailPixel dataset show significant benefits.