Articles | Volume 11, issue 12
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 6703–6717, 2018
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 6703–6717, 2018

Research article 18 Dec 2018

Research article | 18 Dec 2018

Lidar temperature series in the middle atmosphere as a reference data set – Part 2: Assessment of temperature observations from MLS/Aura and SABER/TIMED satellites

Robin Wing et al.

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Cited articles

Chu, X., Pan, W., Papen, G. C., Gardner, C. S., and Gelbwachs, J. A.: Fe Boltzmann Temperature Lidar: Design, Error Analysis, and Initial Results at the North and South Poles, Appl. Optics, 41, 4400–4410,, 2002. a
Council, N. R.: Earth Science and Applications from Space: National Imperatives for the Next Decade and Beyond, The National Academies Press, Washington, DC,, available at: (last access: 28 May 2018), 2007. a
Google Maps: Observatoire de Haute Provence (CNRS) Kernel Description, available at:,5.7183398, last access: 30 November 2017. a
Dawkins, E. C. M., Feofilov, A., Rezac, L., Kutepov, A. A., Janches, D., Höffner, J., Chu, X., Lu, X., Mlynczak, M. G., and Russell, J.: Validation of SABER v2.0 Operational Temperature Data With Ground-Based Lidars in the Mesosphere-Lower Thermosphere Region (75–105 km), J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 123, 9916–9934,, 2018. a, b, c, d, e
Dou, X., Li, T., Xu, J., Liu, H.-L., Xue, X., Wang, S., Leblanc, T., McDermid, I. S., Hauchecorne, A., Keckhut, P., Bencherif, H., Heinselman, C., Steinbrecht, W., Mlynczak, M. G., and Russell, J. M.: Seasonal oscillations of middle atmosphere temperature observed by Rayleigh lidars and their comparisons with TIMED/SABER observations, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 114, D20103,, 2009. a, b, c, d, e
Short summary
We have compared 2433 nights of OHP lidar temperatures (2002–2018) to temperatures derived from the satellites SABER and MLS. We have found a winter stratopause cold bias in the satellite measurements with respect to the lidar (−6 K for SABER and −17 K for MLS), a summer mesospheric warm bias for SABER (6 K near 60 km), and a vertically structured bias for MLS (−4 to 4 K). We have corrected the satellite data based on the lidar-determined stratopause height and found a significant improvement.