Articles | Volume 12, issue 3
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 1659–1671, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-12-1659-2019
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 1659–1671, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-12-1659-2019

Research article 14 Mar 2019

Research article | 14 Mar 2019

Ultrasonic nebulization for the elemental analysis of microgram-level samples with offline aerosol mass spectrometry

Rachel E. O'Brien et al.

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Cited articles

Aiken, A. C., DeCarlo, P. F., and Jimenez, J. L.: Elemental analysis of organic species with electron ionization high-resolution mass spectrometry, Anal. Chem., 79, 8350–8358, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac071150w, 2007. 
Becker, J. W., Berube, P. M., Follett, C. L., Waterbury, J. B., Chisholm, S. W., Delong, E. F., Repeta, D. J., and Metz, T.: Closely related phytoplankton species produce similar suites of dissolved organic matter, Front. Microbiol., 5, 1–14, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2014.00111, 2014. 
Bozzetti, C., Daellenbach, K. R., Hueglin, C., Fermo, P., Sciare, J., Kasper-Giebl, A., Mazar, Y., Abbaszade, L., El Kazzi, M., Gonzalez, R., Shuster-Meiseles, T., Flasch, M., Wolf, R., Kr, A., Francesco Canonaco, E., Schnelle-Kreis, R., Slowik, J. G., Zimmermann, R., Rudich, Y., Baltensperger, U., El Haddad, I., and Preo, A. H.: Size-Resolved Identification, Characterization, and Quantification of Primary Biological Organic Aerosol at a European Rural Site, Environ. Sci. Technol., 50, 3425–3434, https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b05960, 2016. 
Bozzetti, C., Sosedova, Y., Xiao, M., Daellenbach, K. R., Ulevicius, V., Dudoitis, V., Mordas, G., Bycenkiene, S., Plauškaite, K., Vlachou, A., Golly, B., Chazeau, B., Besombes, J.-L., Baltensperger, U., Jaffrezo, J.-L., Slowik, J. G., El Haddad, I., and Prévôt, A. S. H.: Argon offline-AMS source apportionment of organic aerosol over yearly cycles for an urban, rural, and marine site in northern Europe, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 117–141, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-117-2017, 2017. 
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Short summary
Analysis of the elemental composition of organic mixtures can provide insights into the sources and aging of environmental samples. Here we describe a method that allows characterization of this type of material using micrograms of material by a combination of a small-volume ultrasonic nebulizer and an aerosol mass spectrometer. This technique enables rapid analysis of complex organic mixtures using approximately an order of magnitude less sample than standard analyses.