Articles | Volume 13, issue 7
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-13-3621-2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-13-3621-2020
Research article
 | 
08 Jul 2020
Research article |  | 08 Jul 2020

Use of automatic radiosonde launchers to measure temperature and humidity profiles from the GRUAN perspective

Fabio Madonna, Rigel Kivi, Jean-Charles Dupont, Bruce Ingleby, Masatomo Fujiwara, Gonzague Romanens, Miguel Hernandez, Xavier Calbet, Marco Rosoldi, Aldo Giunta, Tomi Karppinen, Masami Iwabuchi, Shunsuke Hoshino, Christoph von Rohden, and Peter William Thorne

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Cited articles

Bodeker, G. E., Bojinski, S., Cimini, D., Dirksen, R., Haeffelin, M., Hannigan, J. W., Hurst, D. F., Leblanc, T., Madonna, F., Maturilli, M., Mikalsen, A., Philipona, R., Reale, T., Seidel, D., Tan, D., Thorne, P., Vömel, H., and Wang, J.: Reference upper-air observations for climate: From concept to reality, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 97, 123–135, https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00072.1, 2016. 
Carminati, F., Migliorini, S., Ingleby, B., Bell, W., Lawrence, H., Newman, S., Hocking, J., and Smith, A.: Using reference radiosondes to characterise NWP model uncertainty for improved satellite calibration and validation, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 83–106, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-12-83-2019, 2019. 
Cloché, S.: Meteo-France high resolution radiosounding data from Faa'a station (French Polynesia), IPSL catalog, https://doi.org/10.14768/20181213001.1, 2018. 
Dirksen, R. J., Sommer, M., Immler, F. J., Hurst, D. F., Kivi, R., and Vömel, H.: Reference quality upper-air measurements: GRUAN data processing for the Vaisala RS92 radiosonde, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 4463–4490, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-7-4463-2014, 2014. 
Glisson, T. H.: Introduction to Circuit Analysis and Design, Springer Science & Business Media, Ed. 1, XV, 768, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9443-8, 2011. 
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Short summary
Radiosondes are one of the primary sources of upper-air data for weather and climate monitoring. In the last two decades, technological progress made available automated radiosonde launchers (ARLs), which are able to replace measurements typically performed manually. This work presents a comparative analysis of the technical performance of the ARLs currently available on the market and contribute to define a strategy to achieve the full traceability of the ARL products.